Mental Health

Self-reported mental health problems among adults born preterm: A meta-analysis

This analysis identifies that there is a higher risk for internalising problems and displays of socially avoidant personality traits together with a lowered risk for externalising problem types. Their findings support the view that preterm birth constitutes an early vulnerability factor with long-term consequences into adulthood. Click to read the abstract.

Pyhala, R., Wolford, E., Kautiainen H., et al, 2017. Self-reported mental health problems among adults born preterm: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 139(4)

Mental health, quality of life and social relations in young adults born with low birth weight

The findings of this paper suggest that self-reported mental health and well-being in young adulthood may be adversely affected by low birth weight, irrespective of whether this is the result of premature birth or being born with a low birth weight at term. Click here to read the full paper.

Lund, L., Vik, T., Lydersen, S., et al. 2012. Mental health, quality of life and social relations in young adults born with low birth weight. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 10 (146)

Common mental disorders in young adults born late-preterm

This study followed up individuals who were born late-preterm to age 19 and concluded that those born late-preterm are not at a higher risk of common mental health disorders, while those born early-preterm are. They recommend that available resources for prevention and interventions should be targeted towards the preterm group born at the earliest gestations. Click here to read the full paper.

Heinonen, K., Kajantie, E., Pesonen, A-K., et al, 2016. Common mental disorders in young adults born late-preterm. Psychological Medicine, 46(10)

Extremely preterm birth and adolescent mental health in a geographical cohort born in the 1990s

This study found that ADHD was more prevalent in the groups of adolescents who were born extremely preterm and of extremely low birth weight than for controls, which is consistent with some reports on preterm survivors born before the 1990s and preterm children born in the 1990s. Click here to read the full paper.

Burnett, A., Davey, C.G., Wood, S.J, et al., 2013. Extremely preterm birth and adolescent mental health in a geographical cohort born in the 1990s. Psychological Medicine, 44(7)