The senses (vision, hearing, taste, touch & smell)

Long-term ophthalmic outcomes

This study shows that a cohort of children born in the 1980s, who had low birth weights, were at increased risk of visual impairments compared with children who are born at full term. Higher rates of visual impairments were associated with low birth weight and severe retinopathy of prematurity. Click here to read more.

O’Connor, A., Stephenson, T., Johnson, A., Tobin, M.J., Moseley, M.J., Ratib, S., Ng, Y., Fielder, A.R. (2002) Long-term Ophthalmic Outcomes of Low Birth Weight Children With and Without Retinopathy of Prematurity. Pediatrics, 109(1).

Prematurity and the Auditory System: Considerations for Audiologists

This paper discusses that noise in the NICU could influence the fine-tuning of cochlear hair cells and connections within the ear and the brain. They go on to advise that this can have an impact upon a preemies ability to discriminate between sounds which is key when learning to read.

The authors reccomend that widespread auditory skill assessments may improve the hearing health care for premature children who are at a higher risk for immature auditory skills. Click here to read more.

Jones, A.L. and Weaver, A.J., 2020. Prematurity and the Auditory System: Considerations for Audiologists. The Hearing Journal, 73(8), p 40-42